Azamgarh (Hindi: आज़मगढ़, Urdu: اعظم گڑھ) is a town in Uttar Pradesh. It is headquarters of Azamgarh district and Azamgarh Division.
Azamgarh has an average elevation of 64 meters (209 feet).Azamgarh consists of a series of parallel ridges, whose summits are depressed into beds or hollows, along which the rivers flow; while between the ridges are low-lying rice lands, interspersed with numerous natural reservoirs. The soil is fertile, and very highly cultivated, bearing magnificent crops of rice, sugar-cane, wheat and orchards of mango and guava.Azamgarh is connected to Mumbai, National Capital Delhi, Ahmedabad, state capital Lucknow, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Amritsar. Buses regularly travel between Azamgarh and the capital, Lucknow.
As of 2011 India census, Azamgarh has a population of 46,16,509. Males constitute 22,89,336 of the population and females 23,27,172. Azamgarh has an average literacy rate of 62%. 22% of the population is under 6 years of age. Azamgarh is the fourth most populous city in Uttar Pradesh. The largest part of the community belongs to the Hindu religion. Muslims account for nearly 15% of the district population. The majority of the Muslims in the district belong to the Sunni sect. Among them the most numerous are Julahas or weavers. There are minorities of other religions including Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Jainism. Azamgarh district has a population of 4,616,509, roughly equal to the nation of Bosnia and Herzegovinaor the US state of South Carolina. This gives it a ranking of 30th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 1,139 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,950 /sq mi) .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.17 %.Azamgarh has a sex ratio of 1017 females for every 1000 males,and a literacy rate of 72.69 %.
Azamgarh district’s total population was 3,939,915 as per 2001 census with population density of 972/km². The population consists of 297,300 urban and 3,642,616 rural; 1,989,501 females and 1,950,414 males. The literacy rate was 57%.